Current projects include:
Pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation during pregnancy and the inter-pregnancy period: a population-based cohort study
- Researchers: Alys Havard, Louisa Jorm, Deborah Randall, Danielle Tran. Funded by NHMRC Project Grant $620,950.
APHID - Are 'potentially preventable hospitalisations' a valid measure of the quality and affordability of primary and community care in Australia?
- Researchers: Louisa Jorm, Michael Falster, Bich Tran, Sanja Lujic. Funded by NHMRC Partnership Project Grant ($387,140 and $360,000 from partner organisations).
This project will investigate the validity of 'potentially preventable hospitalisations' (PPH) as a measure of the quality and affordability of primary and community care in Australia. It will explore relationships between use of primary care services, hospital admissions for PPH diagnoses, and health outcomes and quantify the contributions of person-, geographic- and service-level factors to variations in PPH. The project will make recommendations regarding the ongoing use of PPH measures to track the impacts of health reform in Australia. Find out more about APHID.
- Researchers: Louisa Jorm, Federico Girosi. Funded by APHCRI, ANU ($379,400).
Obesity, overweight and hospitalisation: Identifying targets for interventions to prevent adverse health outcomes
- Researchers: Emily Banks, Adrian Bauman, James Butler, Louisa Jorm, Vicki Wade, Debra Fernando, Hilary Bambrick, Mark Clements, Bette Liu, Rosemary Korda. Funded by NHMRC Project Grant ($581,750).
OSPREY (Outcomes, Services and Policy for the Reproductive and Early Years)
- Researchers: Louisa Jorm, Christine Roberts, David Preen, Judy Simpson, Rachael Moorin, Mary Haines, Hilary Bambrick, Cashel D'Arcy Holman. Funded by an NHMRC Capacity Building Grant in Health Services Research ($2,261,542)
Researchers: Louisa Jorm, Alastair Leyland, Timothy Churches, Mary Haines, Sandra Eades, Sanja Lujic, Deborah Randall. Funded by an NHMRC Project Grant ($469,000)
IHOPE is using linked hospital and deaths data, and multilevel modelling, to investigate factors that influence health outcomes Aboriginal people compared with non-Aboriginal people. IHOPE is investigating outcomes for people who have been admitted to hospital for ischaemic heart disease, stroke, heart failure, type 2 diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. Admission and event rates have been investigated for acute myocardial infarction, serious road traffic injuries, cataract surgery, potentially preventable hospitalisations, and childhood unintentional injury. A birth cohort has also been identified from the IHOPE data to investigate admission and procedure rates of interest for the early years of life such as surgery to treat otitis media.
As at March 2014, six peer-reviewed papers from IHOPE have been published or accepted, with three more under review. Results have been presented at five Aboriginal community reference group meetings, five national and three international conferences, and meetings with policy agencies including the NSW Ministry of Health and Agency for Clinical Innovation. Findings have been cited in a NSW Ministry of Health policy document: "Better Cardiac Care for Aboriginal People". The IHOPE team includes a senior Aboriginal researcher and it has built significant new capacity in policy- and community-engaged Aboriginal health research. Five higher degree students have worked on the project, with three of these now having been awarded their degrees. Find out more about IHOPE.
CIPHER (Centre for Informing Policy through Evidence from Research)
- Researchers: Sally Redman, Louisa Jorm, Sally Green, Kate D'Este, Jordan Louviere, Deborah Frew, Anthony Shakeshaft, Huw Davies. Funded as an NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Health Services Research ($2,500,000)
Health impacts of climate change on Indigenous Australians. Identifying climate thresholds to enable the development of informed adaptation strategies
- Researchers: Donna Green, Hilary Bambrick, Lisa Alexander, Andy Pitman. Funded by an NHMRC Project Grant ($348,581).
The health impact of smoking in subgroups of Australians
- Researchers: Alys Havard, Louisa Jorm. Funded by an NHMRC postdoctoral research fellowship ($290,032)
Urban Thermal Stress and Climate Change
- Researchers: Hilary Bambrick, Pavla Vaneckova, Anthony Burton. Project funded as part of the CSIRO Flagship Collaboration on Urbanism, Climate Adaptation and Health ($1,700,000).
Evaluation of the relative efficacy and mechanisms of a couple based intervention for Premenstrual Syndrome through a randomised control trial using mixed methods
- Researchers: Jane Ussher, Janette Perz (CI), & Edith Weisberg (PI). Funded by an ARC Discovery Grant ($430,000).
Multiple perspectives on sexuality and intimacy post-cancer, leading to the development and evaluation of supportive interventions
- Researchers: Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Emilee Gilbert (CI) Gerry Wain, Kendra Sundquist, Gill Batt, Kim Hobbs, Laura Kirsten (PI). Funded by an ARC Linkage Grant ($585,308).
The construction and experience of fertility in the context of cancer: patient, partner and health professionals
- Researchers: Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Emilee Gilbert (CI), Gerry Wain, Kendra Sundquist, Gill Batt, Kim Hobbs, Laura Kirsten, Catherine Mason, Pandora Patterson, Edith Weisberg (PI). Funded by an ARC Linkage Grant ($693,824).
If you are a Health Care Practitioner, find out about the Cancer and Fertility study for HCP
Sexual Wellbeing and Quality of Life after Prostate Cancer for Gay and Bisexual Men and their Partners
- Researchers: Jane Ussher, Janette Perz, Suzanne Chambers, David Latini, Ian Davis, Scott Williams, Alan Brotherton, Gary Dowsett. Funded by the Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia, Movember New Concept Grant, in partnership with ANZUP Clinical Trials Group and ACON.
It is estimated that 600 - 1000 Australian gay men are diagnosed with prostate cancer each year. This study aims to examine the psychological burden of changes to sexual wellbeing, sexual identity and intimate relationships in gay and bisexual men with prostate cancer and their male partners. Sexuality and intimacy are important aspects of an individual's Quality of Life, with changes to sexual functioning, relationships, and sense of self reported to be among the most negative influences on the wellbeing of men with prostate cancer. However, the focus of previous research has been heterosexual men, with gay and bisexual men with prostate cancer being described as an "invisible diversity", or a "hidden population". This has led to a plea for research on the impact of potentially important differences in sexuality, identity, and intimate relationships on gay and bisexual men's experience of prostate cancer, which can be used to inform health education and health promotion, as well as lead to targeted psycho-social interventions. More details
Impact of Community Based Fisheries Management on child health in the Pacific: Evaluation of a climate adaptation program
- Researchers: Hilary Bambrick, Damian Hoy, Quentin Hanich, Yvan Souarès, Neil Andrew.
Young women's experiences of cigarette smoking: a qualitative examination of the intersection of gender, class, cultural and sexual identity
- Researchers: Emilee Gilbert, Jane Ussher, Janette Perz. Funded by an ARC Discovery Grant ($171,663).
Cigarette smoking is the single largest preventable cause of disease and premature death in Australia, presenting serious health effects unique to women, with young women specifically at risk. While anti-smoking policies and practices have been instrumental in reducing the overall rate of smoking, they have been less effective at reducing rates of smoking among young women, in particular, young women from disadvantaged social classes, those who are socially marginalised, and those from Indigenous and Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) communities. This is of concern as smoking is associated with unique gender and age specific health risks for young women. This research study uses a multi-layered qualitative approach which includes semi-structured individual interviews and cultural probe activities to explore the intersections of gender, social class, cultural identity and sexual identity in relation to smoking. The study will give insight into the constructions, meanings and experiences of smoking for young women smokers and ex-smokers aged 18-30 years. It will examine how young women negotiate and position anti-smoking policies and practices in the context of their everyday lives, and explore the circumstances and conditions that contribute to smoking cessation for ex-smokers. The study will contribute to knowledge that will directly lead to the development of targeted anti-smoking interventions.
- Researchers: Janette Perz, Jane Ussher, Renu Narchal (CIs) in partnership with Family Planning NSW: Jane Estoesta, Jane Wicks; Community Migrant Resource Centre: Melissa Monteiro; and Simon Fraser University, Vancouver: Marina Morrow (PIs). Funded by an ARC Linkage Grant ($271,144 and $129,000 from partner organisations).
Sexual health is a key component of women's quality of life, with utilisation of sexual health services associated with positive mental health. However, these services are underutilised by migrant and refugee communities, resulting in negative sexual health outcomes. This project will investigate the experiences and constructions of sexual health for women from a range of recent migrant and refugee communities living in Australia and Canada, in order to understand unmet needs, and inform targeted service provision. This research project uses a multi-layered qualitative approach, which includes focus groups and semi-structured interviews with community interviewers. Data will be analysed through thematic analysis, in-depth group comparisons and case studies. Guidelines for programs of sexual health education and promotion will then be developed, and subjected to a formative evaluation, from the perspective of key stakeholders.
Mapping the outcomes of calls to 'healthdirect Australia'
- Researchers: Louisa Jorm, Maureen Robinson, Carlo Leonessa, David Washington, Mary Byrne, Anthony Lawler, Danielle Tran, Amy Gibson, Alys Havard. Funded by healthdirect Australia ($321,176)
Healthdirect Australia provides a telephone-based health care triage and advice service known as healthdirect Australia. This projects uses linked operational call data with routinely collected data (including emergency department data, hospital admissions and mortality data) and the 45 and Up Study baseline questionnaire. The project will examine a) to what extent is healthdirect Australia advice being followed, b) patient outcomes following calls to healthdirect Australia, c) the characteristics of patients who are less likely to follow advice and/or have unfavourable outcomes and d) explore how features of healthdirect Australia service provision relate to a) and c) above.
Walk the Talk: Phase II study of an online population-based intervention to improve the mental health of young people who are unemployed.
- Researchers: Vanessa Rose, Janette Perz. Funded by an Australian Rotary Health Grant ($128,796)
This phase II randomised controlled trial aims to investigate the efficacy of an online self-directed vocationally-oriented cognitive behavioural program ('Walk the Talk') in improving the mental health of young people who are unemployed. The online program features dramatised video of cognitive self-talk, coping with unemployment, job-searching, attending interviews and maintaining employment once in the workforce; online quizzes comprising multiple choice items to self-test understanding of content material; and downloadable diary sheets, activities, website links and tips. Participants will be aged between 17-25 years and currently looking for full-time employment. Results will assist with interpreting intervention integrity and will be used to make any required modifications to the program before a planned phase III large population scale intervention trial.
The MISHA Project
- Researchers: Paul Flatau, Lucy Burns, Elizabeth Conroy, Bridget Spicer, Tony Eardley. Funded by Mission Australia through a philanthropic donation ($230,568)
The MISHA Project was a collaborative research venture with Mission Australia that commenced in late 2010. It aimed to evaluate Michael's Intensive Supportive Housing Accord (MISHA), a 'housing-first'-type model that provided housing and case management for 75 chronically-homeless men in the Parramatta area. The evaluation involved: 1) Two year longitudinal client survey examining outcomes with respect to housing, economic and social participation, and physical and mental health; 2) In-depth interviews with clients and caseworkers to explore the critical success factors and barriers for the project; and 3) Cost analysis that modelled the savings associated with providing the MISHA service compared to the costs that would have been incurred by the government if the sample had remained homeless. The baseline and 12-month findings have been published and the 24 month findings are available in the From Homelessness to Sustained Housing: MISHA Research Report 2010-2013 (PDF, 2405.97 KB) (opens in a new window). It is hoped that the findings from this research will inform housing and homelessness policy and improve the design of similar programs in the future. The Mission Australia website has further details.