Professor Mark Tjoelker

Professor Mark Tjoelker

Professor Tjoelker's research focuses on the impacts of global environmental change on terrestrial ecosystems. His research spans savanna and forests in North America, Europe, and Australia.

As a physiological ecologist, he explores the linkages between plant traits and processes at the individual, stand, and ecosystem scales.

Research interests include climate change effects on respiration and carbon cycling, climatic adaptation in plant traits, and the biogeography of forest tree species. He and his students conduct basic and applied research in the laboratory and field in Australia and beyond.

A goal of his research is to advance fundamental knowledge of plant and ecosystem responses to environmental change and provide science-based information to inform policy choices.

He has authored more than 70 refereed journal articles and edited the book, The Biology and Ecology of Norway Spruce (Springer, 2007).

His published work is among the most cited (top 1%) in the refereed literature (ISI, Essential Science Indicators).

Professor Tjoelker has served grant advisory panels for the U.S. Department of Energy and other agencies and as an advisor to the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture through the Forestry Research Advisory Council. He serves on the editorial advisory board of Tree Physiology, is a Co-editor of New Phytologist, and Associate Editor for Functional Ecology.

In 2009, Dr. Tjoelker was a Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University.

Areas of Research / Teaching Expertise

Plant Biology, Ecological Impacts of Climate Change, Forestry Sciences, Forest Ecology, Ecosystem Function

Awards and Recognition

  • Outstanding Graduate Professor Award, 2011
    Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Texas A&M University, chosen by graduate students
  • Forestry Research Advisory Council to the US Secretary of Agriculture, 2010 – 2012
    The 15-member Forestry Research Advisory Council was established to provide advice to the US Secretary of Agriculture on research and the US Forest Service research program.
  • Student-Led Award for Teaching Excellence, 2009
    Texas A&M University System, Chancellor's Office system-wide honor for excellence in undergraduate teaching, based on student responses to a voluntary survey.
  • Outstanding Young Faculty Award, 2009
    Molecular and Environmental Plant Sciences, Texas A&M University, award for excellence in teaching, research, and service.
  • Highly Cited Researcher, 2002 – present
    Ecology and Environment, 2003 – present, Plant and Animal Science, 2002 – present
    Listed in the top 1% of scientists worldwide, based on number of citations in the primary scientific literature (3,771 citations, h-index = 33).
  • Professor of the Year, 2002
    Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, Texas A&M University, chosen by undergraduate students in Forestry.
  • J. William Fulbright Fellowship, 1995
    Environmental pollution and forest decline in Poland. This nationally competitive award was awarded to a dozen Ph.D. student scholars to conduct research in Poland.
  • Journal Editorships and Advisory Boards

Co-Editor, New Phytologist, 2009 – present
Associate Editor, Functional Ecology, 2006 – present
Board of Advisors, New Phytologist, 2007 – 2009
Editorial Review Board, Tree Physiology 1999, 2001 – present
Editorial Board, Dendrobiology, 1999 – present

  • Seminars and scientific conferences
    Invited keynote, national and international seminars (>20) and presentations at scientific conferences (>50).

Grants / Current Projects

Is physiological flexibility of forest trees constrained by home climate in a rapidly warming world?
Partners/Funding Body: Australian Research Council
Period: 2014-2017

REU site proposal: Eco-hydrology of a tropical montane cloud forest
Co-Researchers: C Houser, T Cahill
Partner/Funding Body: National Science Foundation (US)
Period: 2010-2013

Leaf respiration under drought: A global perspective
Co-Researchers: OK Atkin, JR Evans, MG Tjoelker, SA Sitch, JJ Lloyd
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council, Discovery Grant
Period: 2010-2012

A Graduate Program in Forest Resources: Developing Integrated Expertise in Forest Resource Management, Conservation, and Restoration
Co-Researchers: K Krutovsky, J Gan, U Kreuter, C Loopstra , P Merton, G Moore, S Popescu, W Rogers, R Washington-Allen, MG Tjoelker, B Wilcox, B Wu
Partner/Funding Body: US Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Period: 2009-2014

Climate warming, respiration and the terrestrial carbon cycle: Comparative research and synthesis in Australia
Partner/Funding Body: Texas A&M University, International Programs Grant
Period: 2009

Warming and rainfall redistribution effects on linkages between plant functional traits and ecosystem processes in oak savanna
Co-Researchers: MG Tjoelker, DD Briske, A Volder
Partner/Funding Body: US Department of Energy, National Institute for Climatic Change Research, Period: 2007 – 2010

Selected Publications

Drake JE, Macdonald CA, Tjoelker MG, Crous KY, Gimeno TE, Singh BK, Reich PB, Anderson IC, Ellsworth DS, (2016) 'Short-term carbon cycling responses of a mature eucalypt woodland to gradual stepwise enrichment of atmospheric CO2 concentration', Global Change Biology, vol.22, no.1, pp 380-390

Drake JE, Tjoelker MG, Aspinwall MJ, Reich PB, Barton CVM, Medlyn BE, Duursma RA, (2016) 'Does physiological acclimation to climate warming stabilize the ratio of canopy respiration to photosynthesis?' New Phytologist, vol.211, no.3, pp 850-863

Duursma RA, Gimeno TE, Boer MM, Crous KY, Tjoelker MG, Ellsworth DS, (2016) 'Canopy leaf area of a mature evergreen Eucalyptus woodland does not respond to elevated atmospheric [CO2] but tracks water availability', Global Change Biology, vol.22, no.4, pp 1666-1676

Heskel MA, O'Sullivan OS, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Weerasinghe LK, Penillard A, Egerton JJG, Creek D, Bloomfield KJ, Xiang J, Sinca F, Stangl ZR, Martinez-De La Torre A, Griffin KL, Huntingford C, Hurry V, Meir P, Turnbull MH, Atkin OK, (2016) 'Convergence in the temperature response of leaf respiration across biomes and plant functional types', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.113, no.14, pp 3832-3837

Medlyn BE, De Kauwe MG, Zaehle S, Walker AP, Duursma RA, Luus K, Mishurov M, Pak B, Smith B, Wang Y-P, Yang X, Crous KY, Drake JE, Gimeno TE, Macdonald CA, Norby RJ, Power SA, Tjoelker MG, Ellsworth DS, (2016) 'Using models to guide field experiments: a priori predictions for the CO2 response of a nutrient- and water-limited native Eucalypt woodland', Global Change Biology, vol.22, no.8, pp 2834-2851

Pfautsch S, Harbusch M, Wesolowski A, Smith R, Macfarlane C, Tjoelker MG, Reich PB, Adams MA, (2016) 'Climate determines vascular traits in the ecologically diverse genus Eucalyptus', Ecology Letters, vol.19, no.3, pp 240-248

Aspinwall MJ, Loik ME, de Dios VR, Tjoelker MG, Payton PR, Tissue DT, (2015) 'Utilizing intraspecific variation in phenotypic plasticity to bolster agricultural and forest productivity under climate change', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.38, no.9, pp 1752-1764, SI

Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Asner GP, Bonal D, Bönisch G, Bradford MG, Cernusak LA, Cosio EG, Creek D, Crous KY, Domingues TF, Dukes JS, Egerton JJG, Evans JR, Farquhar GD, Fyllas NM, Gauthier PPG, Gloor E, Gimeno TE, Griffin KL, Guerrieri R, Heskel MA, Huntingford C, Ishida FY, Kattge J, Lambers H, Liddell MJ, Lloyd J, Lusk CH, Martin RE, Maksimov AP, Maximov TC, Malhi Y, Medlyn BE, Meir P, Mercado LM, Mirotchnick N, Ng D, Niinemets U, O'Sullivan OS, Phillips OL, Poorter L, Poot P, Prentice IC, Salinas N, Rowland LM, Ryan MG, Sitch S, Slot M, Smith NG, Turnbull MH, Vanderwel MC, Valladares F, Veneklaas EJ, Weerasinghe LK, Wirth C, Wright IJ, Wythers KR, Xiang J, Xiang S, Zaragoza-Castells J, (2015) 'Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits', New Phytologist, vol.206, no.2, pp 614-636

Drake JE, Aspinwall MJ, Pfautsch S, Rymer PD, Reich PB, Smith RA, Crous KY, Tissue DT, Ghannoum O, Tjoelker MG, (2015) 'The capacity to cope with climate warming declines from temperate to tropical latitudes in two widely distributed Eucalyptus species', Global Change Biology, vol.21, no.1, pp 459-472

Modrzyński J, Chmura DJ, Tjoelker MG, Thomas S, (2015) 'Seedling growth and biomass allocation in relation to leaf habit and shade tolerance among 10 temperate tree species', Tree Physiology, vol.35, no.8, pp 879-893

Pfautsch S, Renard J, Tjoelker MG, Salih A, (2015) 'Phloem as capacitor: Radial transfer of water into xylem of tree stems occurs via symplastic transport in ray parenchyma', Plant Physiology, vol.167, no.3, pp 963-971 

Vanderwel MC, Slot M, Lichstein JW, Reich PB, Kattge J, Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Tjoelker MG, Kitajima K, (2015) 'Global convergence in leaf respiration from estimates of thermal acclimation across time and space', New Phytologist, vol.207, no.4, pp 1026-1037

Dickie IA, Tjoelker MG, (2014) 'Changing ecology', New Phytologist, vol.202, no.4, pp 1118-1121

Gauthier PPG, Crous KY, Ayub G, Duan H, Weerasinghe LK, Ellsworth DS, Tjoelker MG, Evans JR, Tissue DT, Atkin OK, (2014) 'Drought increases heat tolerance of leaf respiration in Eucalyptus globulus saplings grown under both ambient and elevated atmospheric [CO2] and temperature', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol.65, no.22, pp 6471-6485 

O'Sullivan OS, Weerasinghe KWLK, Evans JR, Egerton JJG, Tjoelker MG, Atkin OK, (2013) 'High-resolution temperature responses of leaf respiration in snow gum (Eucalyptus pauciflora) reveal high-temperature limits to respiratory function', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol.36, no.7, pp 1268-1284

Pfautsch S, Aspinwall M, Drake J, Choat B, Tissue D, Burykin T, Tjoelker M, (2013) 'Putting the puzzle together: Investigating hydraulic functioning and water transport at high spatial resolution in tall trees', Acta Horticulturae, vol.991, pp 245-252

Volder A, Briske DD, Tjoelker MG, (2013) 'Climate warming and precipitation redistribution modify tree-grass interactions and tree species establishment in a warm-temperate savanna', Global Change Biology, vol.19, no.3, pp 843-857

Brzostek ER, Blair JM, Dukes JS, Frey SD, Hobbie SE, Melillo JM, Mitchell RJ, Pendall E, Reich PB, Shaver GR, Stefanski A, Tjoelker MG, Finzi AC, (2012) 'The effect of experimental warming and precipitation change on proteolytic enzyme activity: Positive feedbacks to nitrogen availability are not universal', Global Change Biology, vol.18, no.8, pp 2617-2625

Crous K, Zaragoza-Castells J, Löw M, Ellsworth DS, Tissue D, Tjoelker MG, Barton C, Gimeno T, Atkin OK, (2011), 'Seasonal acclimation of leaf respiration in Eucalyptus saligna trees: impacts of elevated atmospheric CO2 and summer drought', Global Change Biology,  vol.17, no.4, pp 1560-1576

Luo Y, Melillo JM, Niu S, Beier C, Clark JS, Classen AT, Davidson E, Dukes JS, Evans RD, Field CB, Czimczik CI, Keller M, Kimball BA, Kueppers LM, Norby RJ, Pelini SL, Pendall E, Rastetter E, Six J, Smith M, Tjoelker MG, Torn MS, (2011) 'Coordinated approaches to quantify long-term ecosystem dynamics in response to global change', Global Change Biology, vol.17, no.2, pp 843–854

Volder A, Tjoelker MG, Briske DD, (2010), 'Contrasting physiological responsiveness of establishing trees and a C4 grass to rainfall events, intensified summer drought, and warming in oak savanna', Global Change Biology, vol.16, no.12, pp 3349–3362

Tjoelker MG, Oleksyn J, Lorenc-Plucinska G, Reich PB, (2009), 'Acclimation of respiratory temperature responses in northern and southern populations of Pinus banksiana', New Phytologist, vol.181, no.1, pp 218-229

Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Pregitzer KS, Wright IJ, Oleksyn O, Machado J-L,  (2008), 'Scaling of respiration to nitrogen in leaves, stems and roots of higher land plants', Ecology Letters, vol.11, no. 8, pp 793-801

Tjoelker MG, Oleksyn J, Reich PB, Zytkowiak R, (2008), 'Coupling of respiration, nitrogen, and sugars underlies convergent temperature acclimation in Pinus banksiana across wide-ranging sites and populations', Global Change Biology, vol.14, no.4, pp 782-797

Chmura DJ, Tjoelker MG, (2008), 'Leaf traits in relation to crown development, light interception, and growth of elite families of loblolly and slash pine', Tree Physiology, vol.28, no.5, pp 729-742

Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Machado J-L, Oleksyn J, (2006), 'Universal scaling of respiratory metabolism, size and nitrogen in plants', Nature, vol.439, no.7075, pp 457-461

Tjoelker MG, Craine JM, Wedin DA, Reich PB, Tilman DG, (2005), 'Linking leaf and root trait syndromes among 39 grassland and savannah species', New Phytologist, vol.167, no.2, pp 493-508

Wright IJ, Reich PB, Westoby M, Ackerly DD, Baruch Z, Bongers F, Cavender-Bares J, Chapin T, Cornelissen JHC, Diemer M, Flexas J, Garnier E, Groom PK, Gulias J, Hikosaka K, Lamont BB, Lee T, Lee W, Lusk C, Midgley JJ, Navas M-L, Niinemets Ü, Oleksyn J, Osada N, Poorter H, Poot P, Prior L, Pyankov VI, Roumet C, Thomas SC, Tjoelker MG, Veneklaas EJ, Villar R, (2004), 'The world-wide leaf economics spectrum', Nature, vol. 428, no.6985, pp 821-827

Atkin OK, Tjoelker MG, (2003), 'Thermal acclimation and the dynamic response of plant respiration to temperature', Trends in Plant Science, vol.8, no.7, pp 343-351

Tjoelker MG, Oleksyn J, Reich PB, (2001), 'Modeling respiration of vegetation: evidence for a general temperature-dependent Q10 ', Global Change Biology, vol.7, no.2, pp 223-230