Professor Annemarie Hennessy

Professor Annemarie Hennessy

DEAN, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE,
Dean's Unit - School of Medicine

Biography

Renal and Obstetric Physician with a research interest in Hypertension and Hypertension in pregnancy; Foundation Chair of Medicine at School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney 2006-2016 and Westerns Sydney University 2015- ongoing.  Dean of the School of Medicine, 2011 ongoing.

This information has been contributed by Professor Hennessy.

Qualifications

  • MBA University of Sydney
  • PhD University of Sydney
  • MBBS University of Queensland

Professional Memberships

  • FRACP (1992 - 2021)
  • ANZSN (1992 - 2021)

Organisational Unit (School / Division)

  • Dean's Unit - School of Medicine

Contact

Email: An.Hennessy@westernsydney.edu.au
Phone: (02) 4620 3618
Mobile:
Location: 30.3.35
Campbelltown
Website:

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Publications

Chapters in Books

  • Hennessy, A. (2014), 'Nephrology', Essentials of Internal Medicine, Elsevier Australia 9780729540810.
  • Hennessy, A. (2014), 'Hypertension', Essentials of Internal Medicine, Elsevier 9780729540810.

Journal Articles

  • Erlandsson, L., Naav, ?., Hennessy, A., Vaiman, D., Gram, M., ?kerstrom, B. and Hansson, S. (2016), 'Inventory of novel animal models addressing etiology of preeclampsia in the development of new therapeutic/intervention opportunities', American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, vol 75, no 3 , pp 402 - 410.
  • Tooher, J., Thornton, C., Makris, A., Ogle, R., Korda, A., Horvath, J. and Hennessy, A. (2016), '[In Press] Hypertension in pregnancy and long term cardiovascular mortality : a retrospective cohort study', American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, .
  • Lind, J., Hennessy, A. and Chiu, C. (2015), 'Association between a woman's age at first birth and high blood pressure', Medicine, vol 94, no 16 .
  • Shamshirgaran, S., Jorm, L., Bambrick, H. and Hennessy, A. (2015), 'Country-of-birth differences in adverse health behaviours among people with type 2 diabetes', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol 39, no 3 , pp 250 - 254.
  • Machaalani, R., Ghazavi, E., David, R., Hinton, T., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2015), 'Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) are increased in the pre-eclamptic placenta', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 34, no 2 , pp 227 - 240.
  • Aggarwal, S., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2015), 'Linking the old and new : do angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies provide the missing link in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia?', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 34, no 3 , pp 369 - 382.
  • Bobek, G., Surmon, L., Mirabito, K., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2015), 'Placental regulation of inflammation and hypoxia after TNF-a infusion in mice', American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, vol 74, no 5 , pp 407 - 418.
  • Charlton, F., Tooher, J., Rye, K. and Hennessy, A. (2014), 'Cardiovascular risk, lipids and pregnancy : preeclampsia and the risk of later life cardiovascular disease', Heart, Lung and Circulation, vol 23, no 3 , pp 203 - 212.
  • Keane, F., Yao, T., Seelk, S., Gall, M., Chowdhury, S., Poplawski, S., Lai, J., Li, Y., Wu, W., Farrell, P., Vieira de Ribeiro, A., Osborne, B., Yu, D., Seth, D., Rahman, K., Haber, P., Topaloglu, A., Wang, C., Thomson, S., Hennessy, A., Prins, J., Twigg, S., McLennan, S., McCaughan, G., Bachovchin, W. and Gorrell, M. (2014), 'Quantitation of fibroblast activation protein (FAP)-specific protease activity in mouse, baboon and human fluids and organs', FEBS Open Bio, vol 4 , pp 43 - 54.
  • Yeung, K., Lind, J., Heffernan, S., Sunderland, N., Hennessy, A. and Makris, A. (2014), 'Comparison of indirect and direct blood pressure measurements in baboons during ketamine anaesthesia', Journal of Medical Primatology, vol 43, no 4 , pp 217 - 224.
  • Machaalani, R., Ghazavi, E., Hinton, T., Waters, K. and Hennessy, A. (2014), 'Cigarette smoking during pregnancy regulates the expression of specific nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits in the human placenta', Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol 276, no 3 , pp 204 - 212.
  • Xu, B., Charlton, F., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2014), 'Antihypertensive drugs methyldopa, labetalol, hydralazine, and clonidine improve trophoblast interaction with endothelial cellular networks in vitro', Journal of Hypertension, vol 32, no 5 , pp 1075 - 1083.
  • Xu, B., Charlton, F., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2014), 'Nitric oxide (NO) reversed TNF-a inhibition of trophoblast interaction with endothelial cellular networks', Placenta, vol 35, no 6 , pp 417 - 421.
  • Surmon, L., Bobek, G., Chiu, C., Young, S., Makris, A., Lind, J. and Hennessy, A. (2014), 'The expression of placental soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 in mouse placenta varies significantly across different litters from normal pregnant mice', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 33, no 3 , pp 371 - 374.
  • Lind, J., Hennessy, A. and McLean, M. (2014), 'Cardiovascular disease in women : the significance of hypertension and gestational diabetes during pregnancy', Current Opinion in Cardiology, vol 29, no 5 , pp 447 - 453.
  • Surmon, L., Bobek, G., Makris, A., Chiu, C., Lind, C., Lind, J. and Hennessy, A. (2014), 'Variability in mRNA expression of fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 variants in normal and preeclamptic placenta', BMC Research Notes, vol 7, no 1 .
  • Bobek, G., Stait-Gardner, T., Surmon, L., Makris, A., Lind, J., Price, W. and Hennessy, A. (2013), 'Magnetic resonance imaging detects placental hypoxia and acidosis in mouse models of perturbed pregnancies', PLoS ONE, vol 8, no 3 .
  • Blyton, D., Skilton, M., Edwards, N., Hennessy, A., Celermajer, D. and Sullivan, C. (2013), 'Treatment of sleep disordered breathing reverses low fetal activity levels in preeclampsia', Sleep, vol 36, no 1 , pp 15 - 21.
  • Santner-Nanan, B., Straubinger, K., Hsu, P., Parnell, G., Tang, B., Xu, B., Makris, A., Hennessy, A., Peek, M., Busch, D., Costa, C. and Nanan, R. (2013), 'Fetal-maternal alignment of regulatory T cells correlates with IL-10 and Bcl-2 upregulation in pregnancy', Journal of Immunology, vol 191, no 1 , pp 145 - 153.
  • Lupton, S., Chiu, C., Hodgson, L., Tooher, J., Lujic, S., Ogle, R., Wong, T., Hennessy, A. and Lind, J. (2013), 'Temporal changes in retinal microvascular caliber and blood pressure during pregnancy', Hypertension, vol 61, no 4 , pp 880 - 885.
  • Lupton, S., Chiu, C., Lujic, S., Hennessy, A. and Lind, J. (2013), 'Association between parity and breastfeeding with maternal high blood pressure', American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol 208, no 6 , pp 4541 - 4547.
  • Thornton, C., Dahlen, H., Korda, A. and Hennessy, A. (2013), 'The incidence of preeclampsia and eclampsia and associated maternal mortality in Australia from population-linked datasets : 2000-2008', American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol 208, no 6 , pp 4761 - 4765.
  • Sud, R., Roy, B., Emerson, J. and Hennessy, A. (2013), 'Associations between family history of cardiovascular disease, knowledge of cardiovascular disease risk factors and health behaviours', Australian Journal of Primary Health, vol 19, no 2 , pp 119 - 123.
  • Tooher, J., Chiu, C., Yeung, K., Lupton, S., Thornton, C., Makris, A., O'Loughlin, A., Hennessy, A. and Lind, J. (2013), 'High blood pressure during pregnancy is associated with future cardiovascular disease : an observational cohort study', BMJ Open, vol 3, no 7 .
  • Shamshirgaran, S., Jorm, L., Bambrick, H. and Hennessy, A. (2013), 'Independent roles of country of birth and socioeconomic status in the occurrence of type 2 diabetes', BMC Public Health, vol 13, no 1 .
  • Lupton, S., Chiu, C., Hodgson, L., Tooher, J., Ogle, R., Wong, T., Hennessy, A. and Lind, J. (2013), 'Changes in retinal microvascular caliber precede the clinical onset of preeclampsia', Hypertension, vol 62, no 5 , pp 899 - 904.
  • Chiu, C., Lujic, S., Thornton, C., O'Loughlin, A., Makris, A., Hennessy, A. and Lind, J. (2012), 'Menopausal hormone therapy is associated with having high blood pressure in postmenopausal women : observational cohort study', PLoS ONE, vol 7, no 7 .
  • Dennis, A., Castro, J., Heffernan, S. and Hennessy, A. (2012), 'Haemodynamics using transthoracic echocardiography in healthy pregnant and non-pregnant baboons (Papio hamadryas)', Journal of Medical Primatology, vol 41, no 2 , pp 122 - 129.
  • Thornton, C., Von Dadelszen, P., Makris, A., Tooher, J., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2011), 'Acute pulmonary oedema as a complication of hypertension during pregnancy', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 30, no 2 , pp 169 - 179.
  • Hennessy, A. and Makris, A. (2011), 'Preeclamptic Nephropathy', Nephrology, vol 16, no 2 , pp 134 - 143.
  • Sunderland, N., Hennessy, A. and Makris, A. (2011), 'Animal Models of Pre-eclampsia', American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, vol 65, no 6 , pp 1 - 9.
  • Xu, B., Nakhla, S., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2011), 'TNF-I? inhibits trophoblast integration into endothelial cellular networks', Placenta, vol 32, no 3 , pp 241 - 246.
  • Ghadirian, B., Stait-Gardner, T., Hennessy, A. and Price, W. (2011), 'Energy Dissipation in Porous Media for Equilibrium and Nonequilibrium Translational Motions', Diffusion Fundamentals, vol 15, no 1 , pp 1 - 21.
  • Campbell, N., Ogle, R., Thornton, C., Hennessy, A. and Abbott, J. (2011), 'Urinary placental growth factor differentiates the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol 51, no 6 , pp 523 - 526.
  • Thornton, C., Hennessy, A. and Grobman, W. (2011), 'Benchmarking and patient safety in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy', Best Practice and Research: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol 25, no 4 , pp 509 - 521.
  • Perampalam, S., Ganda, K., Chow, K., Opie, N., Hickman, P., Shadbolt, B., Hennessy, A., Grunstein, H. and Nolan, C. (2011), 'Vitamin D status and its predictive factors in pregnancy in 2 Australian populations', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol 51, no 4 , pp 353 - 359.
  • Hennessy, A., Ganda, K. and Grunstein, H. (2011), 'Cannabis masks diabetic ketoacidosis', BMJ Case Reports, .
  • O'Loughlin, A., Byth, K., French, J., Richards, D., Hennessy, A., Denniss, R. and Kovoor, P. (2011), 'The compression type of coronary artery motion in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction and normal controls: a case-control study', BioMed Research Notes, vol 4 , pp 51 - 51.
  • Hennessy, A. and Makris, A. (2011), 'Preeclampsia and the risk of cardiovascular disease', Cardiology Today, , pp 25 - 28.
  • Campbell, N., Ogle, R., Thornton, C., Hennessy, A. and Jason, A. (2011), 'Urinary placental growth factor differentiates the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy', The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol 51, no 6 , pp 523 - 526.
  • Sunderland, N., Thomson, S., Heffernan, S., Lim, S., Thompson, J., Ogle, R., McKenzie, P., Kirwan, P., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2011), 'Tumor necrosis factor alpha induces a model of preeclampsia in pregnant baboons (Papio hamadryas)', Cytokine, vol 56, no 2 , pp 192 - 199.
  • Ilsar, R., Chawantanpipat, C., Chan, K., Dobbins, T., Waugh, R., Hennessy, A., Celermajer, D. and Ng, M. (2010), 'Measurement of Pulmonary Flow Reserve and Pulmonary Index of Microcirculatory Resistance for Detection of Pulmonary Microvascular Obstruction', PloS one, vol 5, no 3 .
  • Thornton, C., Makris, A., Ogle, R., Tooher, J. and Hennessy, A. (2010), 'Role of proteinuria in defining pre-eclampsia : clinical outcomes for women and babies', Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, vol 37, no 4 , pp 466 - 470.
  • Balasuriya, H., Bell, P., Waugh, R., Thompson, J., Gillian, A., Hennessy, A. and Makris, A. (2010), 'Primate maternal placental angiography', Placenta, vol 31, no 1 , pp 32 - 36.
  • Hennessy, A. and Hill, I. (2010), 'Dialysis for severe hyponatraemia in preeclampsia', Obstetric Medicine, vol 3 , pp 38 - 39.
  • Thomson, S., Mclennan, S., Hennessy, A., Broughton, P., Bonner, J., Zoellner, H., Yue, D. and Twigg, S. (2010), 'A novel primate model of delayed wound healing in diabetes : dysregulation of connective tissue growth factor', Diabetologia, vol 53, no 3 , pp 572 - 583.
  • Thornton, C., Makris, A., Tooher, J., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2010), 'Does the anti-hypertensive drug clonidine affect the short term variation of CTG recordings?', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol 50, no 5 , pp 456 - 459.
  • Ilsar, R., Chawantanpipat, C., Chan, K., Dobbins, T., Waugh, R., Hennessy, A., Celermajer, D. and Ng, M. (2010), 'Doppler-derived pulmonary flow reserve detects pulmonary microvascular obstruction in high primates', Heart Lung and Circulation, vol 19, no 10 , pp 592 - 594.
  • Graves, L., Hennessy, A., Sunderland, N., Heffernan, S. and Thompson, S. (2009), 'Incidence of lymphoma in a captive-bred colony of Hamadryas Baboons (Papio Hamadryas)', Australian Veterinary Journal, vol 87, no 6 , pp 238 - 243.
  • Xu, B., Thornton, C., Tooher, J., Ogle, R., Lim, S., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2009), 'Effects of anti-hypertensive drugs on production of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and soluble endoglin from human normal and pre-eclamptic placentas in vitro', Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, vol 36, no 8 , pp 839 - 842.
  • Royle, C., Lim, S., Xu, B., Tooher, J., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2009), 'Effect of hypoxia and exogenous IL-10 on the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha and the anti-angiogenic molecule soluble Flt-1 in placental villous explants', Cytokine, vol 47, no 1 , pp 56 - 60.
  • Xu, B., Thornton, C., Tooher, J. and Hennessy, A. (2009), 'Exogenous soluble VEGF receptor-1 (sFlt-1) regulates Th1/Th2 cytokine production from normal placental explants via intracellular calcium', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 28, no 4 , pp 448 - 456.
  • Ilsar, R., Chawantanpipat, C., Chan, K., Waugh, R., Hennessy, A., Celermajer, D. and Ng, M. (2009), 'Measurement of pulmonary flow reserve in higher primates', Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, vol 36, no 8 , pp 797 - 802.
  • Machaalani, R., Makris, A., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 1 (Flt1)and Apoptosis in the Preeclampsia Placenta and Effects of in vivo Anti-hypertensive Exposure', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 27, no 4 , pp 361 - 373.
  • Thomson, S., Mclennan, S., Kirwan, P., Heffernan, S., Hennessy, A. and Yue, D. (2008), 'Renal connective tissue growth factor correlates with glomerular basement membrane thickness and prospective albuminuria in a non-human primate model of diabetes: possible predictive marker for incipient diabetic nephropathy', Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, vol 22, no 4 , pp 284 - 294.
  • Sunderland, N., Heffernan, S., Thomson, S. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Maternal parity affects neonatal survival rate in a colony of captive bred baboons (Papio hamadryas)', Journal of Medical Primatology, vol 37, no 5 , pp 223 - 228.
  • Jefferys, A., Wyburn, K., Chow, J., Cleland, B. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Peritoneal dialysis in pregnancy: A case series', Blackwell Science Nephrology, vol 13, no 5 , pp 380 - 383.
  • Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Distinguishing acute and chronic effects of placental dysfunction on maternal blood pressure', Physiology News, vol 72 , pp 33 - 35.
  • Woolcock, J., Hennessy, A., Xu, B., Thornton, C., Tooher, J., Makris, A. and Ogle, R. (2008), 'Soluble F1t-1 as a diagnostic marker of pre-eclampsia', Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, vol 48, no 1 , pp 64 - 70.
  • Benseler, V., Mckenzie, P., Bishop, A., Chng, K., Hennessy, A. and Allen, R. (2007), 'Evaluation of Tolerogenic effect of donor splenocytes and delayed cyclosporine (CsA) in a primate model of kidney transplantation', Immunology & Cell Biology, , pp 37 - 37.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Thompson, J., Thomson, S., Martin, R., Ogle, R., Waugh, R., McKenzie, P., Kirwan, P. and Hennessy, A. (2007), 'Uteroplacental ischemia results in proteinuric hypertension and elevated sFLT-1', Kidney International, vol 71, no 10 , pp 977 - 984.
  • Thornton, C., Hennessy, A., Von Dadelszen, P., Makris, A. and Ogle, R. (2007), 'An international benchmarking collaboration: measuring outcomes for the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy', Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol 29, no 10 , pp 794 - 800.
  • Hennessy, A., Thornton, C., Makris, A., Ogle, R., Henderson-Smart, D., Gillin, A. and Child, A. (2007), 'A randomised comparison of hydralazine and mini-bolus diazoxide for hypertensive emergencies in pregnancy: The PIVOT trail', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol 47 , pp 279 - 285.
  • Xu, B., Thornton, C., Makris, A., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2007), 'Anti-hypertensive drugs alter cytokine production from preeclamptic placentas and peripheral blood mononuclear cells', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 26, no 3 , pp 343 - 356.
  • Morgan, P., Sturgess, A., Hennessy, A. and Davies, M. (2007), 'Serum protein oxidation and apolipoprotein CIII levels in people with systemic lupus erythematosus with and without nephritis', Free Radical Research, vol 41, no 12 , pp 1301 - 1312.
  • Thomson, S., Mclennan, S., Hennessy, A., Bonner, J., Zoellner, I. and Yue, D. (2007), 'Dysregulated inflammation predicts reduced connective tissue growth factor expression in a baboon wound healing model of type 1 diabetes', Diabetologia, .
  • Makris, A., Xu, B., Yu, B., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2006), 'Placental Deficiency of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) in Preeclampsia and its Relationship to an IL10 Promoter Polymorphism', Placenta, vol 27, no 40667 , pp 445 - 451.
  • Paven, G., Waugh, R., Nicholson, J., Gillin, A. and Hennessy, A. (2006), 'Screening Tests For Renal Artery Stenosis - A Case-Series From An Australian Tertiary Referral Centre', Nephrology, vol 11 , pp 68 - 72.
  • Reinders, L., Mos, C., Thornton, C., Ogle, R., Hennessy, A., Makris, A. and Child, A. (2006), 'Time Poor: Rushing Decreases the Accuracy and Reliability of Blood Pressure Measurement Technique in Pregnancy', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 25, no 2 , pp 81 - 91.
  • Xu, B., Makris, A., Thornton, C., Ogle, R., Horvath, J. and Hennessy, A. (2006), 'Antihypertensives Drugs: Clonidine, Diazoxide, Hydralazine And Frusemide Regulate Cytokine Production From Placentas And Pbmcs In Normal Pregnancy', Journal of Hypertension, vol 24, no 5 , pp 915 - 922.
  • Xu, B., Makris, A., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2005), 'Glucocorticosteriods Inhibit Placental Cytokines From Cultured Normal And Preeclamptic Placental Explants', Placenta, vol 26, no 8-9 , pp 654 - 660.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Xu, B. and Hennessy, A. (2005), 'Garlic increases IL-10 and inhibits TNFalpha and IL-6 production in endotoxin-stimulated human placental explants', Placenta, vol 26, no 10 , pp 828 - 834.
  • Orange, S., Hennessy, A., Thompson, J., Rasko, J., Vaughan, J., Olive, E., Pedler, M. and Horvath, J. (2005), 'Interleukin-10 Regulates Arterial Pressure In Early Primate Pregnancy', Cytokine, vol 29, no 4 , pp 176 - 185.
  • Edwards, N., Blyton, D., Hennessy, A. and Sullivan, C. (2005), 'Severity of sleep-disordered breathing improves following parturition', Sleep, vol 28, no 6 , pp 737 - 741.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Post-Partum Hypertension and Non-Steroidal Analgesia', American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol 190, no 2 , pp 577 - 578.
  • Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Precursors To Preeclampsia: Are There Markers In The Fetal Circulation', Clinical Science, vol 106, no 5 , pp 449 - 450.
  • Thornton, C., Makris, A., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Generic Obstetric Database Systems Are Unreliable For Reporting The Hypertensive Disorders Of Pregnancy', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol 44, no 6 , pp 505 - 509.
  • Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Low Selinium is Associated with the Occurance of Preeclampsia in Women from the United Kingdom', American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, , pp 676 - 677.
  • Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2003), 'Post-Partum Nsaids may cause Hypertension', Australian Adverse Drug Reactions Bulletin, vol 22 , pp 23 - 24.
  • Orange, S., Horvath, J. and Hennessy, A. (2003), 'Preeclampsia is associated with a reduced interleukin-10 production from peripheral blood mononuclear cells', Hypertension in Pregnancy, vol 22 , pp 1 - 8.
  • Orange, S., Painter, D., Horvath, J., Yu, B., Trent, R. and Hennessy, A. (2003), 'Placental Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Localization And Expression In Normal Human Pregnancy And Pre-Eclampsia', Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology, vol 30, no 5-6 , pp 376 - 381.
  • Lagenfield, A., Simmons, L., McCrohon, J., Raitakan, O., Lattimore, J., Hennessy, A. and Celermajer, D. (2003), 'Nitric Oxide Does Not Mediate The Vasodilation Of Early Human Pregnancy', Heart, Lung and Circulation, vol 12 , pp 142 - 148.
  • Hennessy, A., Orange, S., Painter, D. and Horvath, J. (2003), 'Placental Tissue Interleukin-10 Receptor Distribution In Pre-Eclampsia', American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, vol 49, no 6 , pp 377 - 381.
  • Hennessy, A., Orange, S., Willis, N., Painter, D., Child, A. and Horvath, J. (2002), 'Transforming Growth Factor B-1 Does Not Relate To Hypertension In Preeclampsia', Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology, vol 29 , pp 968 - 971.
  • Mcdonald, N. and Hennessy, A. (2002), 'Investigation Of Hypertension In Pregnancy', Medicine Today, vol 3 , pp 49 - 54.
  • Tiller, D. and Hennessy, A. (2002), 'Renal Medicine', The Medical Journal of Australia, vol 7 , pp 176 - .
  • Pilmore, H., Yan, Y., Reis, J., Hennessy, A., Mccaughan, G. and Bishop, G. (2002), 'Time Course Of Upregulation Of Fibrogenic Growth Factors and Cellular Infiltration In A Rodent Model Of Chronic Renal Allograft Rejection', Transplantation Immunology, vol 10 , pp 245 - 254.

Conference Papers

  • Tooher, J., Thornton, C., Horvath, J., Korda, A., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2012), 'Hypertension in pregnancy and long term cardiovascular mortality', A International Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, Geneva 2012, Geneva.
  • Sunderland, N., Lim, S., Royle, C., Thornton, C., Tooher, J. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Upregulation Of Endoglin mRNA Expression In Placentas From Preeclampsia Patients', ISSHP WORLD CONGRESS, Washington.
  • Lim, S., Sunderland, N., Royle, C., Thornton, C., Tooher, J. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Transforming Growth Factor-Beta 3 Placentas From Patients With Preeclampsia', ISSHP WORLD CONGRESS XVI, Washington DC.
  • Xu, B., Nakhla, S., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Pro-Inflammatory TNF-A Inhibits Trophoblast-Like JEG-3 Cells', ISSHP WORLD CONGRESS XVI, Washington DC.
  • Thornton, C., Hennessy, A., Makris, A. and Ogle, R. (2008), 'Initiation of Labour and Delivery Types in Hypertensive Women', ISSP World Congress XVI September 20-24 2008, Washington DC.
  • Thornton, C., Ogle, R., Von Dadelszen, P., Makris, A., Morris, J. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Surveillance of Outcomes for Women and Babies Following Hypertension During Pregnancy', ISSHP WORLD CONGRESS XVI, Washington DC.
  • Hennessy, A., Thornton, C., Ogle, R. and Makris, A. (2008), 'Non-steroidal use in Hypertensive Women', ISSHP WORLD CONGRESS XVI, Washington DC.
  • Thornton, C., Makris, A., Tooher, J., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Does the antihypertensive drug clonidine affect the short term variability of CTG recordings', PSANZ 2008 12th Annual congress, Gold Coast, Queensland.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Thomson, S., Thompson, J., Martin, R. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Uteroplacental Ischemia Results In An Increase In Soluble Endoglin', HBPRCA 2007, Adelaide South Australia.
  • Xu, B., Thornton, C., Tooher, J., Ogle, R., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Anti-Hypertensive Drugs Effect On Sflt-1 And Sendoglin Production From Human Normal And Preeclampsic Placentas', HBPRCA 2007, Adelaide South Australial.
  • Sunderland, N., Thornton, C., Xu, B., Lim, S., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Longitudinal Changes In Circulating Vascular Markers In Preeclampsia', HBPRCA 2007, Adelaide South Australia.
  • Sutherland, N., Makris, A., Lim, S., Royle, C., Thompson, J. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'TNF-alpha Infusion Increases Blood Pressure, Induces Proteinuria and Increases Circulation sFLT-1 in Pregnant Papio Hamadryas Baboons.', ISSP World Congress XVI September 20-24 2008, Washington DC.
  • Thornton, C., Makris, A., Tooher, J., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2008), 'Does the antihypertensive drug clonidine affect the short term variability of CTG recordings', ISSHP WORLD CONGRESS XVI, Washington DC.
  • Thornton, C., Von Dalelszen, P., Makris, A., Tooher, J., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2008), '156 Acute Pulmonary Edema As A Complication Of Hypertension During Pregnancy: The Use Of Individual Patient Data To Ascertain Rates And Associated Factors.', ISSHP WORLD CONGRESS XVI, Washington DC.
  • Ilsar, R., Chawantanpipat, C., Hennessy, A., Waugh, R., Celermajer, D. and Ng, M. (2007), 'Quantification of pulmonary vascular flow reserve in healthy primates', Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand Annual Scientific Meeting, Christchurch.
  • Lin, J., Thomson, S., Kirwan, P., Heffernan, S., Hennessy, A. and Mclennan, S. (2007), 'Podocyte Effacement Correlates with Glomerular Basement Membrane Thickness and Predicts Microalbuminuria', Australian Diabetes Society Annual Scientific Meeting, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Thornton, C., Hennessy, A., Von Dadelszen, P., Nishi, C., Makris, A. and Ogle, R. (2007), 'International benchmarking - would it make you change your clinical practice', Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Thomson, S., Thompson, J., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2007), 'Uteroplacental ischemia results in an increase in soluble FLT-1 and endoglin', Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Ilsar, R., Chawantanpipat, C., Hennessy, A., Waugh, R., Celermajer, D. and Ng, M. (2007), 'Quantification of Doppler flow velocity-derived pulmonary flow reserve in healthy primates', American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Orange County Convention Center - Orlando, FL.
  • Royale, C., Lim, S., Xu, B., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2007), 'Effect of hypoxia and exogenous IL-10 on the anti-angiogenic molecule soluble FLT-1 and the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-{alpha} in placental villous explants', Society of Obstetric Medicine of Australia & New Zealand Annual Scientic Meeting, Sydney.
  • Xu, B., Thornton, C., Tooher, J. and Hennessy, A. (2007), 'Exogenous soluble VEGF receptor-1 (sFLT-1) regulates Th1/Th2 cytokine production from normal placental explants via intracellular calcium', International Federation of Placenta Associations, Kingston, Canada.
  • Ilsar, R., Chawantanpipat, C., Hennessy, A., Waugh, R., Celermajer, D. and Ng, M. (2007), 'Pulmonary Vascular Flow Reserve - Validation of Invasive Pulmonary Haemodynamic Assessment Methods in Primates', Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand Annual Scientific Meeting, Christchurch.
  • Davidson, A., Mason, D., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2006), 'Patient Advocacy And Internet Support For Patients With Preeclampsia', 15th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, Lisbon - Portugal.
  • Hennessy, A. (2006), 'Prediction Of Preeclampsia: An Integrated Model', Organisation Gestosis Conference 2006, Adelaide.
  • Woolcock, J., Hennessy, A., Xu, B., Thornton, C., Tooher, J. and Ogle, R. (2006), 'Soluble Flt-1 As A Diagnostic Marker Of Preeclampsia', 15th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, Lisbon - Portugal.
  • Reinders, L., Mos, C., Thornton, C., Ogle, R., Hennessy, A., Makris, A. and Child, A. (2006), 'Time Poor : Rushing Decreases The Accuracy And Reliability Of Blood Pressure Measurement Technique In Pregnancy', 15th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, Lisbon - Portugal.
  • Mos, C., Reinders, L., Thornton, C., Tooher, J., Hennessy, A. and + 4 Externals, . (2006), 'Perceptions Of Post-Caesarean Section Pain And Blood Pressure In Normotensive Women', 15th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, Lisbon - Portugal.
  • Xu, B., Thornton, C., Makris, A., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2006), 'Anti-Hypertensives Clonidine, And Not Hydralazine, Diazoxide Or Furosemide, Has Favourable Effect On Cytokine Production From Normal And Preeclamptic Placentas And Pbmcs', 15th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, Lisbon - Portugal.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Thompson, S., Thompson, J., Hennessy, A. and + 4 Externals, . (2006), 'Primate Uteroplacental Ischaemia Results In Proteinuric Hypertension Probably Mediated By An Elevated Placental And Pbmc Soluble Flt-1 (Sflt-1).', 15th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, Lisbon - Portugal.
  • Thornton, C., Hennessy, A., Makris, A. and Ogle, R. (2006), 'Preeclampsia - Non-Proteinuric V Proteinuric - Maternal And Perinatal Outcomes', 15th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, Lisbon - Portugal.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Thompson, S., Thompson, J., Hennessy, A. and + 4 Externals, . (2005), 'Sflt-1 Is Elevated In Women With Preeclampsia Prior To Diagnosis And Placental Hypoxia May Have A Role In This Elevation Of Sflt-1', ANZSN 2005, .
  • Mos, C., Reinders, L., Thornton, C., Ogle, R., Hennessy, A. and + 3 Externals, . (2005), 'Perception Of Post-Cesarean Section Pain And Blood Pressure In Normotensive Women', Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society(ADIPS) and The Society for Obstetric Medicine of Australia & New Zealand (SOMANZ) Anual Scientific Meeting, Darwin.
  • Thornton, C., Makris, A., Ogle, R., Croudace, E., Hennessy, A. and + 2 Externals, . (2005), 'Benchmarking Outcomes For The Hypertensive Disorders Of Pregnancy: An International Collaboration', Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society(ADIPS) and The Society for Obstetric Medicine of Australia & New Zealand (SOMANZ) Anual Scientific Meeting, Darwin.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2005), 'Differences In Circulating Cytokines, Strail And Svegfr-1 In Women With Preeclampsia', Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society(ADIPS) and The Society for Obstetric Medicine of Australia & New Zealand (SOMANZ) Anual Scientific Meeting, Darwin.
  • Xu, B., Makris, A., Thornton, C., Ogle, R., Horvath, J. and Hennessy, A. (2005), 'Anti-Hypertensive Drugs Clonidine, Diazoxide, Hydralazine And Furosemide, Regulate Cytokine Production From Placentas And Pbmcs In Normal Pregnancy', IFPA (Glasgow), Scotland.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Xu, B., Watson, P., Kirwan, P. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'B-Hcg Is Not A Useful Marker Of Placental Explant Viability', Australasian Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy and IMPACT Conference 2004, Sydney.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Xu, B. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Effect Of A.Sativum On The Production Of Cytokines, Strail And Sflt-1 By Placental Explants', Australasian Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy and IMPACT Conference 2004, Sydney.
  • Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Detailed Clinical Indicators: Application To An Accumulated Data-Set', Australasian Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy and IMPACT Conference 2004, Sydney.
  • Xu, B., Makris, A., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Glucocorticosteriods Inhibit Placental Cytokines from Cultured Normal And Preeclamptic Placental Explants', Australasian Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy and IMPACT Conference 2004, Sydney.
  • Hennessy, A. (2004), 'An Update On The Pivot Trial For Severe Hypertension In Pregnancy', Australasian Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy and IMPACT Conference 2004, Sydney.
  • Larsen, S., Chng, K., Battah, F., Lueng, L. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'A Non-Human Primate (Nhp) Model Of Haemopoietic Stem Cell (Hsc) Gene Therapy', Australian Gene Therapy Society Conference 2004, Adelaide.
  • Rasko, J., Larsen, S., Battah, F., Chng, K., Hennessy, A. and + 7, E. (2004), 'A Non-Human Primate Model Of Stem Cell Mobilisation And Autologous Transplantation', Australian Health and Medical Reseach Congress 2004, Sydney.
  • Hennessy, A., Makris, A., Thornton, C. and Baines, L. (2004), 'Post-Partum Hypertension And Nsaids - A New Rct', Australasian Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy and IMPACT Conference 2004, Sydney.
  • Thornton, C., Makris, A. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'The Development Of Clinical Indicators And The Necessity Of A Disorder-Specific Database For The Hypertension Disorders From Pregnancy', 14th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, VIENNA - AUSTRIA.
  • Makris, A., Xu, B., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Placental Deficiency Of IL-10 In Preeclampsia And Its Relationship To IL-10 Promoter Polymorphism', 14th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, VIENNA - AUSTRIA.
  • Makris, A., Xu, B., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Placental Il-6 And Promoter (-174) Polymorphisms In Preeeclampsia', 14th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, VIENNA - AUSTRIA.
  • Thornton, C., Makris, A., Ogle, R. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Case Control Study Of Pregnancy Outcomes For Women With Chronic Hypertension Managed With Tight Blood Pressure Control', 14th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, VIENNA - AUSTRIA.
  • Makris, A., Thornton, C., Watson, G., Kirwan, P., Xu, B. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'B-Hcg May Not Be A Usefdul Marker Of Placental Explant Viability', 14th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, VIENNA - AUSTRIA.
  • Ogle, R., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Hyperparathyroidism - A Forgotten Cause Of Hypertension In Pregnancy', 14th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, VIENNA - AUSTRIA.
  • Xu, B., Makris, A., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Glucocorticoids Inhibit Placental Cytokines From Cultured Normal And Preeclamptic Placental Explants', 14th World Congress of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy, VIENNA - AUSTRIA.
  • Houghton, B. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Microbiology And Imaging Of Pyelonephritis At The RPAH, Sydney', ANZSN 2004, Adelaide.
  • Makris, A., Xu, B., Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. (2004), 'Tissue And Serum Cytokine Abnormalities In Preeclampsia And Their Relationship To S Vegfr-1', ANZSN 2004, Adelaide.

Research

The preeclampsia research team is continuing to investigate the links between high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease in women especially around the time of pregnancy. Together with our committed mothers, we have been able to identify factors coming form the placenta which lead to damage in the mother's blood vessels and high blood pressure.

These factors are potential markers for future blood pressure problems in these women.  We are also interested in how these factors ink with other compounds which are know to cause heart disease.

 

We are utilizing the MRI (magnetic ) to investigate the structural and function a changes to the placenta in experimental modes of this disease. as well as gaining further insight into preeclampsia these studies may yield non-invasive methods  for the early detection of preeclampsia.

 

Work done in collaboration with the Heart Research Institute (Sydney), and colleagues at Beth Israel Deaconess (Boston) and University of Lund (Sweden) are also examining mechanisms of placental dysfunction in preeclampsia.

This information has been contributed by Professor Hennessy.

Current Projects

Title: si-RNA-based Therapeutics for Preeclampsia [via Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center]
Years: 2013-08-30 - 2017-06-30
ID: P00022373
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Title: The effect of prenatal and antenatal factors on outcomes for mothers and babies: A NSW population-based data linkage study
Years: 2015-02-10 - 2017-02-28
ID: P00022380
Western Researchers: Charlene Thornton, Hannah Dahlen and Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
  • NSW Kids and Families
Title: Functional Identification of Cortical and Subcortical Sites Responsible for Neurogenic Hypertension in Humans
Years: 2016-01-01 - 2019-12-31
ID: P00022702
Western Researchers: Vaughan Macefield and Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • National Health and Medical Research Council (ACRG)
Title: Preeclampsia research - A.I.M. experiments
Years: 2015-01-01 - 2016-12-31
ID: P00022545
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • Lund University

Previous Projects

Title: Ultra-high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system for physical applications
Years: 2014-05-06 - 2015-05-05
ID: P00021626
Western Researchers: Bill Price, Janice Aldrich-Wright, Annemarie Hennessy, Sathaa Sathasivan and Allan Torres
Funding:
  • University of New England
  • Australian Research Council (non ACRG)
  • South Western Sydney Local Health District
  • Surgical Diagnostics Pty Ltd
  • University of Sydney
  • University of Western Australia
  • University of South Australia
  • Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research
  • University of New South Wales
Title: Benchmarking the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy - Improving outcomes for mothers and babies
Years: 2007-12-10 - 2008-12-09
ID: P0015924
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: A healthy start: A study to design and pilot a new model of postnatal care in south west Sydney
Years: 2008-02-06 - 2009-02-28
ID: P0015882
Western Researchers: Virginia Schmied, Annemarie Hennessy and Stephen Mcnally
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
  • Sydney South West Area Health Service
Title: The role of the sympathetic nervous system in primary and secondary hypertension
Years: 2007-12-10 - 2008-12-09
ID: P0015930
Western Researchers: Vaughan Macefield, Annemarie Hennessy and Alexandra Bune
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: Exploring professional collaborations: A key to sustainable universal health services for vulnerable families
Years: 2007-10-16 - 2008-10-15
ID: P0015720
Western Researchers: Virginia Schmied, Debra Jackson and Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
  • Sydney West Area Health Service
  • Sydney South West Area Health Service
  • Central Sydney Division of General Practice Limited
Title: Benchmarking the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy - improving outcomes for women and babies
Years: 2007-06-05 - 2008-06-04
ID: P0015649
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: Benchmarking the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy - improving outcomes for women and babies
Years: 2008-11-21 - 2009-11-20
ID: P00016431
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: Cell and Protein Analysis Unit
Years: 2009-09-22 - 2010-09-21
ID: P00017371
Western Researchers: Simon Myers, Jens Coorssen, Sabine Piller, Annemarie Hennessy, Janice Aldrich-Wright, Soon Lee and Gerald Muench
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: International Efforts in Translational Medicine
Years: 2009-10-28 - 2010-10-27
ID: P00017596
Western Researchers: Jens Coorssen, Annemarie Hennessy, Bradley Frankum, Gerald Muench, Joanne Lind, Simon Myers and Soon Lee
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: Hypertensive Retinopathy in Pregnancy
Years: 2010-01-01 - 2010-12-31
ID: P00017673
Western Researchers: Joanne Lind and Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • Rebecca L Cooper Medical Research Foundation Ltd
Title: Linking poor trophoblast invasion with placental ischaemia and maternal hypertension
Years: 2010-11-10 - 2011-11-09
ID: P00019900
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: Physiological mechanisms of experimental preeclampsia
Years: 2012-01-01 - 2014-12-31
ID: P00020204
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy, Angela Makris and Bill Price
Funding:
  • National Health and Medical Research Council (ACRG)
Title: Measurement of retinal vascular changes in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
Years: 2011-02-14 - 2013-09-29
ID: P00019238
Western Researchers: Joanne Lind and Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • Bonnie Babes Foundation
Title: Identifying genes involved in the development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive mice
Years: 2010-11-02 - 2011-11-01
ID: P00019243
Western Researchers: Christine Chiu and Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: Sleep disordered breathing in pregnancy: Frequency and impact [via USYD]
Years: 2009-01-01 - 2011-12-31
ID: P00019699
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • National Health and Medical Research Council (ACRG)
Title: Immuno-adsorption Therapy in Experimental Preeclampsia
Years: 2012-01-01 - 2013-09-30
ID: P00021040
Western Researchers: Annemarie Hennessy
Funding:
  • Aggamin Biologics

Supervision

Professor Hennessy is available to be a principal supervisor for doctoral projects

Current Supervision

Title: Exploring the Predictive Validity of Undergraduate Admissions Assessment, Script Concordance Testing and Reflective Essays on Medical Students' Academic Performance and Examining the Construction of Examination Questions used to Assess Medical Students at the University of Western Sydney
Field of Research:
Title: The Role of Angiotensin II Receptor Type 1 Autoantibodies in Preeclampsia
Field of Research:
Title: Assessing & Developing Empathy in Medical Students
Field of Research:
Title: The Effect of the 'Digital Divide' on the Patient-Doctor Relationship
Field of Research:
Title: Vascular Responses within and Remote from Pregnancy
Field of Research:
Title: Twenty Year Post Pregnancy Outcomes for Hypertensive Women
Field of Research:
Title: Coronary Artery Motion Predicts Clinical Conary Artery Events
Field of Research:
Title: Intergenerational and Genetic Influence on Blood Pressure in Pregnancy and Beyond
Field of Research:
Title: Effectiveness of Interactive, On-line Learning in Undergraduate Medical Education
Field of Research:
Title: Fetal Outcomes in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Pregnancy
Field of Research:
Title: Placental Abnormalities and Hypertension in Pregnancy
Field of Research:

Previous Supervision

Title: Benchmarking the Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy - Improving Outcomes for Mothers and Babies via Clinical Practice Change
Field of Research: OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
Thesis: Benchmarking the Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy - Improving Outcomes for Mothers and Babies via Clinical Practice Change
Title: Type 2 Diabetes: Prevalence, Lifestyle Factors, and Patterns of Hospitalisation by Country of Birth in New South Wales, Australia
Field of Research: HEALTH
Thesis: Type 2 Diabetes: Prevalence, Lifestyle Factors, and Patterns of Hospitalisation by Country of Birth in New South Wales, Australia
Title: The Use, Effectiveness and Safety of Smoking Cessation Medications prior to and During Pregnancy
Field of Research:
Thesis: The Use, Effectiveness and Safety of Smoking Cessation Medications prior to and During Pregnancy

University of Western Sydney

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