Professor Steven Freeland

Professor Steven Freeland

PROFESSOR,
School of Law

Biography

Steven Freeland is Professor of International Law at Western Sydney University, where he teaches both postgraduate and undergraduate students, and supervises PhD students, in the fields of International Criminal Law, Commercial Aspects of Space Law, Public International Law and Human Rights Law.

He is a Visiting Professor at the University of Vienna, Permanent Visiting Professor of the iCourts Centre of Excellence for International Courts, Denmark, a Member of Faculty of the London Institute of Space Policy and Law, and was a Marie Curie Fellow in 2013-2014. He has been an Expert Assessor of Research Proposals to the Australian Research Council, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the National Research Foundation of South Africa, and the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, and has taught courses at Universities in The Netherlands, Austria, Belarus, China, Italy, Germany, Bulgaria, Estonia, Slovakia, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Denmark, United States, Australia, Turkey, France and Singapore.

He has also been a Visiting Professional within the Appeals Chamber at the International Criminal Court (ICC), and a Special Advisor to the Danish Foreign Ministry in matters related to the ICC. He has been appointed to advise the Australian Commonwealth Department of Industry, Innovation and Science on issues related to the regulation of space activities.Among other appointments, he is a Director of the Paris-based International Institute of Space Law, a member of the Space Law Committee of the London-based International Law Association, and a member of the Advisory Board of the Australian Centre for Space Engineering Research.

He sits on the Editorial Board of a number of international journals, including the Australian Journal of Human Rights, the Australian International Law Journal, the Canada-based Annals of Air and Space Law, the German-based German Journal of Air and Space Law / Zeitschrift fur Luft- und Weltraumrecht  and the China-based Space Law Review, and on the International Advisory Board of the India-based Asian Journal of Air and Space Law, the Belarus-based Belarusian Yearbook of International Law and the UK-based Journal of Philosophy of International Law, as well as a series of books entitled Studies in Space Law. He is also Co-Editor of Annotated Leading Cases of the International Criminal Tribunals, a long-established series of casebooks annotating the jurisprudence of the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon and the Special Panels for Serious Crimes in East Timor.

He has authored approximately 300 publications on various aspects of International Law and has been invited to present over 700 expert commentaries by national and international media outlets worldwide on a wide range of legal and geopolitical issues. He is also a frequent speaker at national and international conferences, having been invited to present conference papers and keynote speeches in Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Romania, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States and Vietnam.

This information has been contributed by Professor Freeland.

Qualifications

  • PhD Maastricht University
  • LLM University of New South Wales
  • LLB University of New South Wales
  • BComIndRel University of New South Wales

Professional Memberships

  • Visiting Professor of International Law, University of Vienna (2011 - 2016)
  • Director of the International Institute of Space Law, Paris (2011 - 2016)
  • Member of Faculty, London Institute of Space Policy and Law (2010 - 2016)
  • Member of Space Law Committee, International Law Association, London (2009 - 2016)
  • Permanent Visiting Professor, iCourts Centre of Excellence for International Courts, University of Copenhagen (2012 - 2018)

Awards

  • Marie Curie Fellowship (from EU) 2013-04-01

Interests

  • International Advocacy and Mooting
  • International Criminal Law
  • International Environmental Law
  • International Human Rights Law
  • International Law and Global Governance
  • Public International Law
  • Space Law

Organisational Unit (School / Division)

  • School of Law

Contact

Email: S.Freeland@westernsydney.edu.au
Phone: (02) 9685 9617
Mobile:
Location: EK.G.13
Parramatta
Website:

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Teaching

Previous Teaching Areas

  • 200220 International Criminal Law, 2013
  • 200635 Human Rights Law, 2013
  • 200652 Space Law - Commercial Aspects, 2010
  • 200653 Public International Law, 2013
  • 200663 International Moot Court, 2011

Publications

Books

  • Freeland, S. (2015), 'Addressing the Intentional Destruction of the Environment During Warfare Under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court', : Intersentia 9781780683140.
  • Freeland, S., Popova, R. and Passy, S. (2012), 'Contemporary Issues for National and International Space Law: Commentary and Source Materials', : AMG Publishing 9789549696394.

Chapters in Books

  • Freeland, S. (2015), 'The laws of war in outer space', Handbook of Space Security, Springer 9781461420286.
  • Freeland, S. (2015), 'Space in a changing world : the future regulation of outer space technology, warfare and international law', Yearbook on Space Policy 2012/2013: Space in a Changing World, Springer 9783709118269.
  • Freeland, S. and Jakhu, R. (2015), 'What?s human rights got to do with outer space? : everything!', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law 2014, Eleven International 9789462366091.
  • Freeland, S. (2015), 'The future global governance of space security : international law and armed conflicts involving space technology', Global Space Governance, McGill University 9780771707278.
  • Jakhu, R. and Freeland, S. (2014), 'The sources of international space law', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law 2013, Eleven International Publishing 9789462364400.
  • Bohlmann, U. and Freeland, S. (2013), 'The regulation of space activities and the space environment', Routledge Handbook of International Environmental Law, Routledge 9780415687171.
  • Hobe, S., Jakhu, R., Freeland, S., Tronchetti, F. and Stubbe, P. (2013), 'The 1979 Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies', Cologne Commentary on Space Law. Vol. II: Rescue Agreement, Liability Convention, Registration Convention, Moon Agreement, Carl Heymanns Verlag 9783452275233.
  • Jakhu, R. and Freeland, S. (2013), 'The Relationship between the United Nations Space Treaties and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law 2012, Eleven International Publishing 9789462360839.
  • Freeland, S. (2013), 'Outer space and the non-appropriation principle', Property and Sovereignty: Legal and Cultural Perspectives, Ashgate 9781409444701.
  • Freeland, S. (2013), 'In heaven as on earth : a question for analysis or a statement of fact?', In Heaven as on Earth? The Interaction of Public International Law on the Legal Regulation of Outer Space: 1/2 June 2012, Bonn - Oberkassel, Institute of Air and Space Law of the University of Cologne / Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. German Aerospace Center 9783000446573.
  • Freeland, S. (2013), 'C. Wilfred Jenks (7.3.1909 - 9.10.1973)', Pioneers of Space Law, Martinus Nijhoff 9789004240278.
  • Freeland, S. (2012), 'The Development of National Space Law', Contemporary Issues for National and International Space Law: Commentary and Source Materials, AMG Publishing 9789549696394.
  • Freeland, S. (2012), 'The role of 'soft law' in public international law and its relevance to the International Legal Regulation of Outer Space', Soft Law in Outer Space: the Function of Non-binding Norms in International Space Law, Bohlau Publishing 9783205787976.
  • Freeland, S. (2012), 'International criminal governance : will the International Criminal Court be an 'effective' mechanism for justice?', Transnational Governance: Emerging Models of Global Legal Regulation, Ashgate 9781409418269.
  • Freeland, S. and Lawler, D. (2012), 'Whose mess is it anyway? Regulating the environmental consequences of commercial launch activities', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law 2011, Eleven International Publishing 9789490947699.
  • Freeland, S. and Maogoto, J. (2011), 'A Contemporary Review of the Air Space and Outer Space Regimes: The Thin Lines Between Law, Policy, and Emergent Challenges', International Law: Contemporary Issues and Future Developments, Westview Press 9780813344713.
  • Freeland, S. and Buckley, R. (2011), 'Debt-for-Nature Exchanges', Debt-for-Development Exchanges: History and New Applications, Cambridge University Press 9781107009424.
  • Freeland, S. and Buckley, R. (2011), 'United States Debt Exchanges', Debt-for-Development Exchanges: History and New Applications, Cambridge University Press 9781107009424.
  • Freeland, S. (2011), 'Lost in Space? The Changing Nature of Australia's Space Policy', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 9781600867859.
  • Freeland, S. (2011), 'Matching Detail with Practice: The Essential Elements of National Space Legislation', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 9781600867859.
  • Jakhu, R., Hobe, S. and Freeland, S. (2011), 'The Appropriateness of the Moon Agreement for Lunar Exploration and Use', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 9781600867859.
  • Jakhu, R., Hobe, S. and Freeland, S. (2011), 'The Appropriateness of the Moon Agreement for Lunar Exploration and Use', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 9781600867859.
  • Freeland, S. (2011), 'Foreign Relations', Halsbury's Laws of Australia, LexisNexis Australia 0409304581.
  • Freeland, S. (2010), 'International Criminal Justice and the Death Penalty', The Right to Life and the Value of Life: Orientations in Law, Politics and Ethics, Ashgate 9780754677611.
  • Freeland, S. (2010), 'Space Tourism and the International Law of Outer Space', Space Law in the Era of Commercialisation, Eastern Book Company 8170129958.
  • Freeland, S., Hobe, S. and Jakhu, R. (2010), 'Introduction - Manfred Lachs 'The Law of Outer Space' Revisited', The Law of Outer Space: An Experience in Contemporary Law-Making (reprint), Martinus Nijhoff 9789004186675.
  • Siemon, N. and Freeland, S. (2010), 'Regulation of Space Activities in Australia', National Regulatrion of Space Activities, Springer 9789048190072.
  • Freeland, S. (2010), 'Commentary on Emmanuel Ndindabahizi v. The Prosecutor, Case No. ICTR-01-71-A, 16 January 2007', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume XXV, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, 2006-2007, Intersentia 9789050959162.
  • Freeland, S. (2009), 'The Rule of Law and International Criminal Justice', Globalisation - the State and International Law, Franz Steiner Verlag 978351509375.
  • Freeland, S. (2009), 'Commentary on four Decisions in Prosecutor v. Bagosora - Motion for the Reinstatement of Lead Counsel, Request for Private Representation of Kabiligi, Certification of Appeal and Application for Reconsideration of Decision to Assign Lead Counsel', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume XXII, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, 2005, Intersentia 9789050958516.
  • Maogoto, J. and Freeland, S. (2009), 'The 21st Century Space Arms Race: Curtailing Heavenly Thunderbolts through the Shield of the 'Peaceful Purposes' Mantra', Outer Space Law: From Theory to Practice, Icfai Books 9788131424537.
  • Maogoto, J. and Freeland, S. (2009), 'The 21st Century Space Arms Race: Curtailing Heavenly Thunderbolts through the Shield of the 'Peaceful Purposes' Mantra', Outer Space Law: From Theory to Practice, Icfai Books 9788131424537.
  • Freeland, S. (2009), 'The 2008 Russia/China Proposal for a Treaty to Ban Weapons in Space: A Missed Opportunity or an Opening Gambit', Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law (Volume 51), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 9781600867170.
  • Freeland, S. and Jakhu, R. (2009), 'Article II', CoCoSL Cologne Commentary on Space Law: Volume 1, Outer Space Treaty, Carl Heymanns Verlag 9783452271853.
  • Freeland, S. and Maogoto, J. (2009), 'The Final Frontier: The Laws of Armed Conflict and Space Warfare', Outer Space: Warfare and Weapons, Amicus Books 9789380120447.
  • Freeland, S., Klip, A., Sluiter, G. and Vasiliev, S. (2008), 'Introduction', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume XIII, Timor Leste - The Special Panels for Serious Crimes, January - December 2001-2003, Intersentia 9789050956734.
  • Freeland, S. (2008), 'Prosecutor v. Francisco dos Santos Laku, Judgment, 25/07/01, Prosecutor v. Mateus Tilman, Judgment, 24/08/01, Prosecutor v. Augusto Asameta Tavares, Judgment, 28/09/01 and Prosecutor v. Agustinho da Costa, Judgment, 11/10/01', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume XIII, Timor Leste - The Special Panels for Serious Crimes, January - December 2001-2003, Intersentia 9789050956734.
  • Freeland, S. (2008), 'Commentary on Decision on Motion for Acquittal Pursuant to Rule 98 Bis, The Prosecutor v. Radoslav Brdjanin, Case No. IT-99-36-T, T. Ch., 28 November 2003', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume XV, The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, 2003, Intersentia 9789050957946.
  • Freeland, S. (2008), 'Commentary on Judgment, Prosecutor v. Gacumbitsi, Case No. ICTR-2001-64-T, T. Ch. III, 17 June 2004', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume XVIII, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, 2004, Intersentia 9789050957991.
  • Freeland, S. and Chinkin, C. (2008), 'Foreign Relations', Halsburys Laws of Australia Volume 14, LexisNexis 0409304581.
  • Freeland, S. and Goh, A. (2007), 'Law of Outer Space', Encyclopedia of Globalization, Routledge 0415973147.
  • Freeland, S. (2007), 'Commentary on Decision on Prosecution's Motion for Joinder of Accused, Prosecutor v Meakic and others, 17 September 2002 and Decision on Prosecution's Oral Request for the Separation of Trials, Prosecutor v Brdjanin and Talic, 20 September 2002', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume XI, The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 2002-2003, Intersentia 9789050955973.
  • Freeland, S. (2007), 'The Applicability of the Jus in Bello Rules of International Humanitarian Law to the Use of Outer Space', Proceedings of the Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space (Volume 49), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1563478773.
  • Freeland, S. (2007), 'Decision on the Prosecutor's Motion to Remove from her Witness List five Deceased Witnesses and to Admit into Evidence the Witness Statements of four of said Witnesses, Prosecutor v. Ndayambaje et al, 22 January 2003', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume XII, The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, 2003, Intersentia 9789050956512.
  • Freeland, S. (2006), 'Difficulties of Implementing National Space Legislation Exemplified by the Australian Approach', Project 2001 Plus - Global and European Challenges for Air and Space Law at the Edge of the 21st Century, Carl Heymanns Verlag 3452260909.
  • Freeland, S. (2006), 'The Impact of Space Tourism on the International Law of Outer Space', Proceedings of the Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space (Volume 48), American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1563478277.
  • Freeland, S. (2005), 'Fair Trial, Preparation of Defence and Length of Proceedings: Commentary', Annotated leading cases of international criminal tribunals, Volume VIII, The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 2001-2002, Intersentia 9050953972.
  • Freeland, S. (2005), 'Crimes against the Environment - A Role for the International Criminal Court', Droit de l'environnement dans le Pacifique Problematiques et Perspectives Croisees / Environmental Law in the Pacific: International and Comparative Perspectives, New Zealand Association for Comparative Law and Association de Legislation Comparee des Pays du Pacifique 0473106302.
  • Freeland, S. (2005), 'The Australian Regulatory Regime for Space Launch Activities: Out to Launch', Proceedings of the Forty-Seventh Colloquium on The Law of Outer Space, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1563477831.
  • Freeland, S. and Lee, R. (2004), 'The Crystallisation of General Assembly Space Declarations into Customary International Law', Proceedings of the Forty-Sixth Colloquium on The Law of Outer Space, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1563476738.
  • Freeland, S. (2003), 'Commentary on the Findings of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia into the actions of NATO in Serbia and Kosovo during 1999', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume V, The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, 1999-2000, Intersentia 9050952593.
  • Freeland, S. (2003), 'The Use of the Non-Equity Debt Exchange Mechanism to Promote Sustainable Development', Capacity Building for Environmental Law in the Asian and Pacific Region: Approaches and Resources, Asian Development Bank 971561423X.
  • Freeland, S., Craig, D. and Hocking, B. (2002), 'The Significance of the Nordic Experience for Indigenous Governance in Australia', Indigenous Peoples and Governance Structures: a Comparative Analysis of Land and Resource Management Rights, AIATSIS - Aboriginal Studies Press 085575379X.
  • Freeland, S., Craig, D. and Hocking, B. (2002), 'Indigenous Governance by the Inuit of Greenland', Indigenous Peoples and Governance Structures: a Comparative Analysis of Land and Resource Management Rights, AIATSIS - Aboriginal Studies Press 085575379X.
  • Freeland, S., Craig, D. and Hocking, B. (2002), 'Indigenous Governance by the Sami of Scandinavia', Indigenous Peoples and Governance Structures: a Comparative Analysis of Land and Resource Management Rights, AIATSIS - Aboriginal Studies Press 085575379X.
  • Freeland, S. and Goh, A. (2002), 'Report on the Rome statute and the international criminal court', The Convergence of Legal Systems in the 21st Century - An Australian Approach, CopyRight Publishing Co Pty Ltd 1876344091.
  • Freeland, S. (2001), 'Commentary : Decision on Prosecutor's Appeal on Admissibility of Evidence, Prosecutor v Zlatko Aleksovski', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume III, The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, 1997-1999, Intersentia 9050951414.
  • Freeland, S. (2001), 'Commentary on Order for the Disclosure of Evidence, Prosecutor v Tihomir Blaskic', Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, Volume III, The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, 1997-1999, Intersentia 9050951414.

Journal Articles

  • Freeland, S. (2015), 'Judicial decision-making in International Criminal Courts : 'effective' justice?', Griffith Journal of Law & Human Dignity, vol 3, no 1 , pp 59 - 85.
  • Freeland, S. (2015), 'A delicate balance : regulating micro satellite technology in a big satellite world', University of Western Sydney Law Review , vol 18 , pp 1 - 18.
  • Freeland, S. (2014), 'Outer space, technology and warfare', The Aviation & Space Journal , vol 13, no 1 , pp 35 - 43.
  • Freeland, S. and Walther, P. (2014), 'Reimagining the unimaginable? : reflections on Mark A. Drumbl's vision of child soldiers', Criminal Law and Philosophy, .
  • Freeland, S. (2013), 'The final piece of the puzzle? : the launch of Australia?s Satellite Utilisation Policy 2013', Zeitschrift fur Luft- und Weltraumrecht = German Journal of Air and Space Law, vol 62, no 3 , pp 429 - 452.
  • Freeland, S. (2013), 'International criminal justice in the Asia-Pacific region : the role of the International Criminal Court regime ', Journal of International Criminal Justice, vol 11, no 5 , pp 1029 - 1057.
  • Freeland, S. (2013), 'A natural system of law? Andrew Hayley and the international legal regulation of outer space', Journal of Space Law , vol 39, no 1 , pp 77 - 98.
  • Freeland, S. (2012), 'Reshaping Australia's space policy and regulation : recent developments', Zeitschrift fuer Luft- und Weltraumrecht, vol 61, no 1 , pp 99 - 110.
  • Freeland, S. (2012), 'The International Criminal Court - an opportunity for the Asia Pacific', Human Rights Defender, vol 20, no 3 , pp 2 - 4.
  • Freeland, S. and Buckley, R. (2011), 'U.S debt-for-development legislation : a missed opportunity to enhance United States national security?', Banking & Finance Law Review, vol 26, no 2 , pp 233 - 257.
  • Freeland, S. (2011), 'In heaven as on earth? : the international legal regulation of the military use of outer space', Mei Zhong Fa Lu Ping Lun = US-China Law Review, vol 8, no 3 , pp 272 - 287.
  • Freeland, S. (2011), 'For Better or For Worse? The Use of 'Soft Law' within the International Legal Regulation of Outer Space', Annals of Air and Space Law, vol XXXVI , pp 409 - 446.
  • Masson-Zwaan, T. and Freeland, S. (2010), 'Between heaven and earth: The legal challenges of human space travel', Acta Astronautica, vol 66, no 40888 , pp 1597 - 1607.
  • Freeland, S. (2010), 'No longer acceptable : the exclusion of the death penalty under international criminal law', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol 15, no 2 , pp 1 - 34.
  • Horn, L. and Freeland, S. (2010), 'More than hot air : reflections on the relationship between climate change and human rights', University of Western Sydney Law Review, vol 13 , pp 101 - 135.
  • Freeland, S. (2010), 'Fly me to the moon : how will international law cope with commercial space tourism?', Melbourne Journal of International Law, vol 11, no 1 , pp 90 - 118.
  • Freeland, S. (2010), 'A prosecution too far? : reflections on the accountability of heads of state under international criminal law', Victoria University of Wellington Law Review, vol 41, no 2 , pp 179 - 204.
  • Freeland, S. (2010), 'Sensing a Change? The Re-Launch of Australia's Space Policy and Some Possible Legal Implications', Journal of Space Law, vol 36, no 2 , pp 381 - 413.
  • Freeland, S. and Buckley, R. (2009), 'Debt-for-development-exchanges : using external debt to mitigate environmental damage in developing countries', Hastings West-Northwest Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, vol 16, no 1 , pp 77 - 101.
  • Freeland, S. (2009), 'Book Review - Lotta Viikari, 'The Environmental Element in Space Law: Assessing the Present and Charting the Future'', Air and Space Law, vol 34, no 4/5 , pp 319 - 325.
  • Maogoto, J. and Freeland, S. (2008), 'Space Weaponization and the United Nations Charter Regime on Force: A Thick Legal Fog or a Receding Mist', The International Lawyer, vol 41, no 4 , pp 1091 - 1119.
  • Freeland, S. (2008), 'Mere children or weapons of war : child soldiers and international law', University of La Verne Law Review, vol 29 , pp 19 - 55.
  • Maogoto, J. and Freeland, S. (2008), 'From Star Wars to space wars : the next strategic frontier : paradigms to anchor space security', Air and Space Law, vol 33 , pp 10 - 37.
  • Freeland, S. (2008), 'Book Review - Gideon Boas, 'The Miloseviae Trial: Lessons for the Conduct of Complex International Criminal Proceedings'', Australian Year Book of International Law, vol 27, no 1 , pp 273 - 275.
  • Freeland, S. (2007), 'The Internationalization of Justice - A Case for the Universal Application of International Criminal Law Norms', New Zealand Yearbook of International Law 2007, vol 4 , pp 45 - 65.
  • Freeland, S. (2007), 'Towards Universal Justice - Why Countries in the Asia-Pacific Region Should Embrace the International Criminal Court', New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law, vol 5 , pp 49 - 76.
  • Johns, F. and Freeland, S. (2007), 'Teaching international law across an urban divide : reflections on an improvisation', Journal of Legal Education, vol 57, no 4 , pp 539 - 561.
  • Maogoto, J. and Freeland, S. (2007), 'The Final Frontier: The Law of Armed Conflict and Space Warfare', Connecticut Journal of International Law, vol 23, no 1 , pp 165 - 195.
  • Freeland, S. (2007), 'Book Review - Steven D. Roper and Lilian A. Barria, 'Designing Criminal Tribunals - Sovereignty and International Concerns in the Protection of Human Rights'', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol 12, no 2 , pp 255 - 259.
  • Freeland, S. (2006), 'How Open Should the Door Be? - Declarations by non-States Parties under Article 12(3) of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court', Nordic Journal of International Law, vol 75, no 2 , pp 211 - 241.
  • Freeland, S. (2006), 'Educating lawyers for transnational challenges-the globalization of legal regulation', Journal of Legal Education, vol 55, no 4 , pp 500 - 506.
  • Freeland, S. (2005), 'Human Rights, the Environment and Conflict: Addressing Crimes against the Environment', SUR International Journal on Human Rights, vol 2 , pp 112 - 139.
  • Freeland, S. and Drysdale, J. (2005), 'Co-operation or Chaos? - Article 65 of United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the Future of the International Whaling Commission', Macquarie Journal of International and Comparative Environmental Law, vol 2, no 1 , pp 1 - 36.
  • Freeland, S. (2005), 'Up, Up and ... Back: The Emergence of Space Tourism and Its Impact on the International Law of Outer Space', Chicago Journal of International Law, vol 6, no 1 , pp 1 - 22.
  • Freeland, S. (2005), 'Child Soldiers and International Crimes - How Should International Law be Applied', New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law, vol 3, no 2 , pp 303 - 328.
  • Freeland, S., Li, G. and Young, A. (2004), 'Crossing the Language and Cultural Divide - The Challenges of Educating Asian Law Students in a Globalising World', Legal Education Review, vol 14, no 2 , pp 219 - 238.
  • Freeland, S. (2004), 'Crimes Against the Environment - A Role for the International Criminal Court', Revue juridique polynesienne, vol 4 , pp 201 - 237.
  • Freeland, S. (2004), 'When Laws are not Enough - The Stalled Development of an Australian Space Launch Industry', University of Western Sydney Law Review, vol 8 , pp 79 - 95.
  • Goh, A. and Freeland, S. (2004), 'The international court of justice and recent orders on provisional measures', Australian International Law Journal, vol 11 , pp 47 - 66.
  • Freeland, S. (2004), 'Book Review - Michael Ratner and Ellen Ray, 'Guantanamo: What the World Should Know'', University of New South Wales Law Journal, vol 27, no 2 , pp 579 - 584.
  • Freeland, S. (2004), 'Book Review - Antonio Cassese, 'International Criminal Law'', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol 10, no 1 , pp 191 - 196.
  • Freeland, S. (2003), 'Book Review - Geoffrey Robertson, 'Crimes Against Humanity: The Struggle for Global Justice'', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol 9, no 2 , pp 177 - 184.
  • Freeland, S. (2002), 'The Bombing of Kosovo and the Milosevic Trial: Reflections on Some Legal Issues', Australian International Law Journal, , pp 150 - 175.
  • Freeland, S. (2001), 'Turning to a Trusted Friend: Using Debt Exchanges for Environmental and Development Purposes', Australian International Law Journal, , pp 90 - 142.
  • Freeland, S. (2001), 'There's a Satellite in My Backyard - MIR and the Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects', University of New South Wales Law Journal, vol 24, no 2 , pp 462 - 484.
  • Freeland, S. (2001), 'The Kyoto Protocol - An Agreement Without a Future?', University of New South Wales Law Journal, vol 24, no 2 , pp 532 - 542.
  • Freeland, S. and Schimmelpennick, P. (2001), 'Universal Jurisdiction in the Netherlands - the right approach but the wrong case? Bouterse and the December Murders', Australian Journal of Human Rights, vol 7, no 2 , pp 91 - 96.

Conference Papers

  • Freeland, S. and Jakhu, R. (2014), 'What's human rights got to do with outer space? : everything!', International Astronautical Congress, Toronto, Canada.
  • Freeland, S. (2011), 'Legal Regulation of the Military Use of Outer Space', Proceedings of the Bruges Colloquium, .
  • Freeland, S. and Masson-Zwaan, T. (2008), 'Private Human Access to Space - Legal Challenges and Possibilities', 1st Symposium on Private Human Access to Space, Arcachon, France.
  • Freeland, S. (2006), 'The applicability of the jus in Bello rules of international humanitarian law to the use of outer space', AAIA 57th International Astronautical Congress, IAC 2006, .
  • Freeland, S. (2005), 'The impact of space tourism on the international law of outer space', 56th International Astronaustical Congress 2005, .
  • Freeland, S. and Blissenden, M. (2003), 'The International Criminal Court: Politics, Justice and Impunity', International Governance and Institutions: What significance for international law, Wellington, New Zealand.
  • Freeland, S. and Lee, R. (2003), 'Property and Mining Rights for Lunar Mining Operations in the Absence of International Consensus on the Moon Agreement', Proceedings of 54th International Astronautical Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF), the International Academy of Astronautics and the International Institute of Space Law, Bremen, Germany.
  • Lee, R. and Freeland, S. (2003), 'The crystallisation of general assembly space declarations into customary international law', 54th International Astronautical Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF), the International Academy of Astronautics and the International Institute of Space Law, .
  • Freeland, S. and Lee, R. (2002), 'The Impact of Arms Limitation Agreements and Export Control Regulations on Launch Activities', Proceedings of the Colloquium on the Law of Outer Space, .

Other Publications

  • 2014, 'Island of Impunity?: Investigation into International Crimes in the Final Stages of the Sri Lankan Civil War', Research Report

Research

Previous Projects

Title: The Implementation of International Criminal Justice: Deciphering a (more effective) way forward through the competing tensions [via iCourts - Centre of Excellence for International Courts, Denmark - no funding to UWS]
Years: 2013-04-19 - 2015-04-18
ID: P00021155
Western Researchers: Steven Freeland
Funding:
  • European Commission
Title: The World Legal Information Institute European Law Collection: Effective access to European legal information (in English) for Australian researchers [via UNSW - no funding to UWS]
Years: 2011-01-01 - 2011-12-31
ID: P00018998
Western Researchers: Steven Freeland
Funding:
  • Australian Research Council (non ACRG)

Supervision

Current Supervision

Title: The Role of Judges in International Criminal Law
Field of Research:
Title: Traditional Justice Practices in Selected Arab Societies: Jordan, Morocco and United Arab Emirates
Field of Research:
Title: Does the World Anti-Doping Code and Its Associated Enforcement Offend the Rule of Law in Australia?
Field of Research:
Title: THE MILITARY ASCENT INTO SPACE: A NEW UNCERTAIN GAME
Field of Research:
Title: Human Rights and Islam: The Way Forward for Afghan-Women
Field of Research:

Previous Supervision

Title: Strategies of Enforcement Utilized by the Australian Civil Aviation Regulatory Body and their Influence on Safety
Field of Research: LAW
Thesis: Strategies of Enforcement Utilized by the Australian Civil Aviation Regulatory Body and their Influence on Safety

University of Western Sydney

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Penrith NSW 2751

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